Vietnam

In the annals of American history, there may be no other country name that evokes such emotion as the country of Vietnam. The history of this conflict is more than just a military struggle. The impact that the Vietnam conflict had on American culture and foreign policy for many decades to come makes it a truly watershed war in the life of a relatively young country.

Vietnam was not, on the surface as clearly a moral battleground as World War II or the Civil War had been. That in itself made it more difficult for Americans to understand and become patriotic about as they had been in prior wars. Yes, as in past conflicts, we found ourselves defending our allies, the South Vietnamese against the attacks of a communist neighbor to the north. And in that way, it became a struggle to assist an ally, a military objective that America had long embraced.

But the war was not just with the North Vietnamese. To a very large extent, the war was against the Chinese and the Russians who were using the theater in Vietnam to wear down the American fighting force. It was a war that had been going on for many decades before the Americans got involved as a regional battle.

Many foreign powers had gotten involved and left defeated so when America entered this conflict, it was a very different kind of war than we had been used to. The armies mixed with the population. There were no uniforms and formations and battle theaters as battle could occur anywhere at any time. Combine that with a hostile jungle setting and the complete absence of any battle protocol and you had a formula for failure if not a very difficult road to success.

Vietnam also is a watchword for the tremendous resistance movement that rose up on American soil to try to stop the conflict. This resistance movement became deeply entangled with a huge change to the social fabric in the rise of the youth movement, the hippies and the fast moving surge of the civil rights and the woman’s rights movements. This made the era of the late 1950s through the early 1970s tremendously difficult to navigate as a nation.

Vietnam did follow somewhat of a predictable path of invasions, major battles, set backs and regrouping of our forces. But the military faced a huge challenge in facing the many new war scenarios this difficult combat setting presented. As the casualty count grew, without a clear cut definition of victory and with very few clear victories to demonstrate to the American people our superiority, the ability of civilian leadership to sustain the support for the war effort became jeopardized.

Vietnam very much represents a transition in how America viewed conflict. We came out of the huge successes we had seen our military bring in battle. The defeat of Hitler and the axis powers in World War II gave America a sense of confidence, of divine calling to prevail militarily and the concept that we are the good guys and we will always win. But we did not win in Vietnam and that was and is a hard lesson to learn.

America demonstrated its devout dedication to the concept of supporting an ally in a warring situation when it committed troops to the Vietnam conflict. But there were many lessons to be learned about preparation and going into a conflict with a strategy that had a high probability of success. In wars to come in later years such as Grenada, the Balkans and the Liberation of Kuwait, we demonstrated that America had learned those lessons going in with a massive force and achieving victory before we got bogged down in a long civil conflict.

So we can applaud the bravery of our troops and the willingness of our leadership to learn from a tough war like Vietnam. The lessons to be learned from Vietnam are still being worked out. But in the end, we will be a better nation and a stronger nation because we put ourselves on the line for a friend, even if the outcome was not the desired outcome.

What’s Up With NintendoDS? A Guide of What’s Available for the NintendoDS System

If you’re looking for a game system that comes with a butt-load of inexpensive games, you come to the right place. No other gaming system on the market today hosts as many games at such low prices as the handheld NintendoDS System. Nor does any other gaming system on the market cater to such a young audience.

More appropriate for young gamers than teens or adults, NintendoDS games bring back the SuperMario flavor that we’ve all come to love. Pokemon is still as strong as ever with this system as well, however we’ve noticed a few new games (and types of games) thrown into the mix too.

This article describes some of the accessories and games available for this particular sytem that everyone can enjoy.

The NintendoDS System. This isn’t your regular GameBoy system of yesteryear. The new NintendoDS System has a high-powered flat, folding handheld gaming device complete with bright color touch screen technology – all available for only $129.99.

NintendoDS Accessories. Like the games that this system plays, its accessories are just as plentiful – fully appreciated by the serious gamer on the go. You can get a $14.99 headset for those quiet moments, and sport your system in a small $9.99 Duo game case, $9.99 ultimate leather case, or $17.99 G-Pak for quick trips or for storage. For $29.99, you can stock up on a multitude of accessories encased in a convenient player pack or settle for quick emergency fixes with the $14.99 value kit. Recharging is a breeze on a $9.99 glow deck.

NintendoDS Games. Looking for games? We’ve separated this part of our guide into two sections: one for children and one for adults. Use caution when purchasing NintendoDS games for players under 18 years of age.

FOR CHILDREN:

Pokemon: Perls $34.99
Pokemon: Diamond $34.99
Pokemon: leaf Green $19.99
Pokemon: Fire Red: $19.99
Pokemon: Emerald: $34.99
Pokemon Ranger $34.99
Pokemon: Mystery Dungeon Blue $34.99
Pokemon: Mystery Dungeon Red $34.99
Yoshie’s Island DS $34.99
Wario: master of Disguise $34.99
Big Brain Academy $19.99
Brain Age: Train Your Brain in Minutes a Day $19.99
Nintendogs: Dalmatian & Friends $34.99
Custom Robo Arena $34.99
Diddy Kong Racing DS $ 34.99
Kirby Squeak Squad $4.99
Mario Hoops 3 on 3 $34.99
Mario Kart DS $34.99
Mario Vs. Donkey Kong 2: March of the Minis $34.99
New Super Mario Bros. $34.99
Cats $29.99
Horsez $29.99
Dogz $29.99
Settlers II $29.99
Lost in Blue 2 $29.99
Spectrobes $ 29.99
SNK vs. Capcon Card Fighters $29.99
Purr Pals $29.99
Cooking Mama $19.99

COMING SOON:
Diner Dash
Pony Friends
Dragon Ball Z: Harukanaru
Super Collapse 3

NOTE: Harukanaru’s fighting style in the new version of Dragon Ball Z for NintendoDS differs from the style in its 2005 predecessor. In Dragon Ball Z: Harukanaru, players battle using the turn-base action formula.

FOR ADULTS:

COMING SOON:
Touch the Dead

NOTE: Touch of the Dead is rated M for Mature Audiences, and exhibits the arcade shooter style. Please remember to follow the guidelines set by the Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB) when buying games for children under the age of 18. Here’s a handy reference to what the ratings mean:

C = Appropriate for Early childhood
E = Appropriate for Everyone
E 10+ = Appropriate for Everyone aged 10 and older
T = Appropriate for Teens
M = Appropriate for Mature Adults

The 22nd Amendment

On February 27th, 1951, the 22nd amendment was ratified which made permanent a tradition that has profound influence on the philosophy of government in the United States of America. This amendment may not be the most well known amendment but its place in the fabric of American history cannot be overstated. That is because the 22nd Amendment mandated that…

No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once.

The limitation of service as President of the United States to two terms was one that up until the 22nd amendment was more a matter of custom than law. It began when George Washington refused to run for a third term. But by making the limitation of power in the presidency in the 22nd amendment, the American people made a bold statement about how their government would be run.

One of the most unique aspects to how the United States of America organized its government was the concept of citizen rulers. This concept was born in the very halls and pubs where the founding fathers gathered to discuss this new country that was just getting started. By reducing the idea of a “career politician”, especially at the presidential level, the 22nd amendment dealt a deadly blow to the concept that America would ever be ruled by a king or a “president for life.”

This was clearly a reaction by America to the abuses that had witnessed by the pilgrims and immigrants that make up this great country in their homelands. They reacted strongly and negatively to the deification of kings and the virtually unlimited powers that too many times systems of royalty tended to give to their leadership. This was one of the central themes that caused so many to flee Europe, Central Asia and other parts of the world to seek a land where it was the people who were the center of the governments will, not the arbitrary ideas of a king who was cut off from the real needs of the people he served.

The way America set up its presidency was in every way an attempt to “fix” the flaws and abuses of the European models and refocus the center of power in government on the electorate rather than on the elected. Another aspect of the American federal system that was put in place deliberately to limit the ability of those in power to abuse that power is the system of checks and balances. This system assures that none of the branches of government, The Congress, the Presidency or the Supreme Court could dominate the other or take complete power and rule without challenge. By insuring that all in power had to answer to the opposing party and be prepared to answer to the American people for what they did and even said, this completely eliminated that chances that one part of the government would stage a “coup” over the other.

Accountability is a word that is not very exciting but it is the concept that has kept the American system of government healthy and in service to its people rather than putting them in service for over 200 years.

In addition to these several highly innovative methods the founding fathers gave to this young country to eliminate the abuses of past governmental systems, they also put a system in place that assured the orderly transition of power. The system of elections every two years stopped two evils, the occurrence of a politician who served for life without accountability and a system wherein the only way to loose your job in government was by violent overthrow. As a result the American system, albeit contentious and argumentative, has been and continues to be one of the most peaceful and orderly systems of federal administration in the world and indeed in the history of the world.

Getting New Ideas for Video Games (Part 3) A Springboard for Video Game Developers

Creating video games is an art, no doubt. The problem is that it isn’t easy to come up with ideas for video games. And even when we do get an idea, it doesn’t seem as fresh or exciting as we want it to be. The following offers a few ways you can generate some creative ideas to keep your video game as fun to play from beginning to end.

13. Do the unexpected. This is probably one of the hardest things for linear programmers to do because as software developers, programmers are trained to keep everything working in some sort of straight, logical order. To make this work, game programmers are going to have to give themselves permission to go nuts – to do the unexpected and not obsess over the consequences. As good training for all of us, doing the unexpected is a freeing experience that opens our minds to workable possibilities we probably wouldn’t consider otherwise. These are possibilities that could make your video stand out from the crowd of copy-cats.

14. Design the video game for a specific audience. Choose a unique audience to design your game for and make sure that every character, scene, subplot, and strategy caters to the interest of this audience. But don’t pick a typical audience – go crazy. Design your game as if a dog were the player, a computer mouse, or even a stack of pancakes. Let your imagination go wild and you’ll see a new world unfold before you.

15. Imagine that you’re the video game. If you were the video game that you’re designing, how would you want to be played? Attempting to answer this question should set you off on quite a creative spree of new and original ideas (if not one hell of a giggling session). Don’t just throw the goofy ideas that you get from this exercise into the trash bin. Seriously think of how to implement them into your video game. This strategy is sure to put you on the gaming map.

16. Substitute. Using one object in the place of another is another sure way of coming up with cool ideas for video game, and in certain situations, it’s the only way to dream up something fresh and new. When it seems that you just can’t come up with a new slant, you’re best bet is to replace a typical, predictable character with a lively, cute and helpful soda can. Or replace a typical, predictable plot with some bizarre scene out of a dream. Remember: nothing is irreplaceable.

17. Introduce a little randomness into the mix. There’s a lot to be said about random events. They always bring us the element of surprise and you can use it to keep your video game exciting. The key to making randomness work in a video game is to introduce a set number of possibilities into several sections of the game and then have each of those possibilities lead to a different outcome. Sure, this could drive a player crazy, but you’ve got to admit, it will send them scrambling for a solution and talking about your game for days.

In the last section of this four-part article, we bring you two more ideas before coming to a close.

Saving Kuwait

The history of American use of its military forces, there are some stand out examples of how America considers its military might be a force for good and justice. And the use of military for a just cause can be beautifully illustrated in the way America came to the aid of an ally in the Gulf War of 1991. This war goes under a lot of names including Operation Desert Storm and the Liberation of Kuwait. But whatever title, it was a battle America needed to enter into because of an unjust invasion of an ally and an act of aggression we could not just stand by and let happen.

The United States and the civilized nations of the world had put up with a lot of barbaric behavior from Saddam Husain, the dictator in Iraq for a long time. He was becoming more and more aggressive in his push to test the will and the ability of advanced nations to stop him. But he crossed the line when on August 2, 1990 Iraq invaded and occupied Kuwait on trumped up charges of illegal drilling of oil on border property between the two countries.

It is important to remember that America and it’s allies did not launch a full scale attack within days or weeks of the Iraqi take over of Kuwait. There were efforts to negotiate and resolve the crisis by peaceful means. But Saddam Hussein defied the world and continued his plan to absorb Kuwait and then possibly take the attack to the next stage into Saudi Arabia.

The Gulf War was also an important statement to the world that America’s allies are important to us and we will defend them if it comes to that. We proved that in World War II, Korea, Vietnam and here in the Middle East. When a country becomes a friend of the United States, it’s enemies become our enemies. And in this unthinkable invasion, not only did Iraq directly assault one of America’s allies, that hostility showed that Saudi Arabia was at risk which was a very important ally as well.

America also leveraged its ability to depend on it’s friends from around the world, rallying a tremendous international force as the preparations for war began to mature. In total, 34 countries sent troops, ships, arms and other military assistance to join with American military power to turn back this invasion.

The other lesson this war taught the enemies of America is the phenomenal effectiveness of the American military. On January 17, 1991, the assault began with a massive air attack that stunned the Iraqis and the world. The ferocity of the bombings and the firestorm that defying the west brought down on the Iraqi military virtually doomed them to ever mount an efficient force to fight back against this overwhelming military response to their aggression.

Following that air attack came one of the most brilliant ground campaigns in modern warfare. Using modern technology, America faced Iraq’s impressive army on their home turf and soundly defeated them. The Iraqi strategy was to keep the massive desert behind them because they felt no enemy could ever navigate that desert and find their rear flank. But was a deadly miscalculation as the coalition forces, lead by General Norman Schwarzkopf, used satellite technology and navigation systems to guide their armies across that desert by night and stage a stunning surprise attack on the Iraqi Republican Guard bringing them to defeat with a decisive blow.

The term “Lightning War” could best be used to describe the l ability of the American lead coalition armies to repel this invasion on Kuwait. By early March of 1991, major hostilities were over and Kuwait had been liberated. To defeat an enemy in less than 90 days was accomplishment the world never thought possible. But demonstrated to the world that America was able to defend its allies and stop a ruthless dictator.

Since that war there has been discussions about whether President Bush should have used the advantage we gained by defeating Saddam’s armies to capture Iraq as well. President Bush showed great wisdom by sticking to the declared mission and returning Kuwait to Kuwaiti control. H shows that President Bush in 1991 was showing wisdom in his leadership which resulted in Operation Desert Storm turning out to be one of the most successful military campaigns in United States history.

Want To Learn Some Laptop Tips? Try These!

You don’t have to be a technology guru to end up buying the laptop of your dreams. After all, we all have things that we want our laptops to be able to do. If you are looking to purchase a new laptop, look no further than the tips below to help you make decisions.

To find good deals on laptops, look at home shopping networks. This kind of site will let you make monthly payments. They do not typically perform a credit check. You can get a nice laptop for just small monthly installments. Check out the channels on your TV.

If you’re not a heavy gamer, don’t believe that you need some heavy duty laptop in order to get the job done. Most games can be played on medium range laptops. You really don’t need the extras that a gaming laptop has. Save the money.

If you are limited on space, consider a laptop as a desktop replacement. Laptops are smaller and lighter than desktop computers, making them a good option for a small student desk or smaller apartment space. They are also more expensive though, and that should be taken into consideration when making a purchase.

If you are in the market for a budget laptop, around $400-600, know what to expect for that amount of money. The laptop will usually made of cheaper plastic, not as durable as some other materials. Your choice of colors may limited. A budget laptop will have a relatively small hard drive and installed memory.

Make sure that any new laptop you buy comes with a way to return it if it doesn’t work right. Sometimes if you buy a new laptop they will give you a certain amount of time to return it if you have a receipt. Be very careful about this so that you don’t end up with an expensive broken computer.

Do not overspend on your laptop purchase. There was a time when you had to spend $1000 or more to get a good laptop, but those days are long gone. Today, you can find great options for $700 or less, and it is worth shopping around to get these type of prices.

It is easy to purchase a great laptop when you know what you should be looking for. You don’t need to be technology savvy to purchase something that you will get much use out of. Hopefully, this article has helped you get a better understanding of the subject of laptops.

Simple Tips To Help You Manage The Iphone

If you are currently shopping for a smartphone, then you’ve probably heard of the iPhone. Chances are you’ve seen people who have an iPhone, but aren’t sure what advantages it has over any other phone available. Luckily for you, there is an article below that can help you see these advantages.

You need not worry about being lost when you have your iPhone. The iPhone’s maps app comes loaded onto your phone right when you get it, making it a breeze to locate yourself as long as you’re connected to the network. It will instruct you on how to get to your destination without issues.

You will want to restart your iphone on a semi-regular basis. Giving it this little reboot from time to time helps to keep all your apps, programs and other functions running smoothly and properly. To do this, just turn off your phone, leave off for 30 seconds or more and then restart the device.

If you accidently get your iPhone wet, there is hope! First, do not push the power button; this may cause additional damage. Dry off the phone as much as possible and then put it in a bowl with uncooked rice. Allow it to sit for at least 12 hours. This should help the phone dry out and allow you to use it again.

Download and sign up with the Find My iPhone app. This invaluable application can help you locate your iPhone in the event that it is lost or stolen. This app not only allows you to display a message on the screen or cause the phone to ring extra-loud, but it allows you to wipe data or lock your phone from a remote location.

If you use your iPhone for a limited number of your favorite apps, consider rearranging your icons to make accessing them much quicker. By moving your most-used apps to the first home screen, you will save a lot of time. This ensures that you can quickly and easily find the information that you need.

If you type extensively on your iPhone, consider investing in an external keyboard. There are many wireless models available. They make typing documents, emails and other similar things easier. Some keyboards can even serve a dual purpose, as you can use them with your iPad as well as your iPhone.

To get rid of the AutoCorrect suggestion box, don’t keep hitting the “X” button every time it doesn’t recognize a word. All you need to do is press the screen, anywhere. This automatically closes the suggestion box and makes your life much easier.

Do you often wonder where that plane is going that is flying above you? Ask Siri. If you have an iPhone 4S, you can ask Siri what flights are overhead at any given moment. This is because of Siri’s relationship with the search engine Wolfram Alpha which keeps track of the data.

Now that you’ve seen this article, are the advantages clear to you? Do you see why so many people have chosen the iPhone as their smartphone of choice, as opposed to some other phone? Hopefully you have, and are ready to purchase your own iPhone, as it offer so much that you can use.

Wondering About Desktop Computers? Use These Tips!

There can be little doubt that buying an appropriate desktop computer to fit your needs can be a fairly challenging experience. However, by simply taking a few hours to study up on the subject, there should be no need to worry. Continue reading to get the facts you need today.

If you’re looking for a new desktop computer, try QVC, HSN and other home shopping networks. They offer monthly payment arrangements which allow you to get a computer home for a fraction of the price. Be careful when you are doing this, however, make sure the total price is reasonable.

When choosing a desktop computer take into consideration what you will be using it for. If you will simply be using it for web access and word processing, then you can afford to go cheaper. If you will be gaming you’ll want a graphics card, and more RAM. The task you’ll be using it for will be important in deciding your price point.

If you plan on storing a lot of music or videos, make sure you get a hard drive that will cover your needs. In general, the more hard drive space that you can get, the better off you are. That is, unless you only write emails and surf the web on your desktop. You need the space especially if you shoot video.

As you look for the right desktop computer for your needs, pay close attention to your intended type of Internet connection as well as whether or not a potential desktop model has a modem. If you are not able to connect to broadband due to your location, you will need a modem. Otherwise, you can purchase a computer that does not have one.

If you want to extend the life of your potential desktop computer, make sure you choose one that is upgradeable. There are more than a few desktops these days that seal access to the inner workings of the machine. That means no ability to upgrade. Check that you’ve got access prior to buying.

The first step towards buying a new desktop computer is always making a list of your requirements. Will you be editing video? Then you need a large hard drive and a lot of RAM. Look up what features you need and then ensure that any computer you’re considering meets or exceeds that list.

Back up your desktop computer from time to time. Unfortunately, computers do crash and can take all of the data on the hard drive with them. Many times that data is important and it can be devastating to lose things like pictures, papers, or anything that you store on your computer.

Refurbished computers are a great choice when looking for an inexpensive machine. You know that they will work well as they have been rigorously tested before being offered for sale. On top of that, they often come with upgrades which make them as good as new devices on the market.

Lots of people shudder at the thought of shopping for a new desktop computer, because they fear they will not get a good deal or find the equipment they truly require. But, by reading over the advice found above, anyone should have the ability to do a good job. Happy computing!

Pertinent Information You Must Know About Cell Phones

Your cell phone plays an important part in your life. Because of this, it is important to ensure the highest possible performance quality when you are buying a new cellphone. Follow the helpful tips and tricks in this article about updating your current cell phone and finding great deals on a new one.

Consider purchasing a used phone if you are looking to upgrade before your contract allows you to. This is often less expensive than buying new, and you will not be locked in to a specific contract period. Just make sure your provider supports the phone you want to buy, and that you can easily add it to your plan.

Give your phone a reboot every one or two days. As you are constantly using features on your phone such as apps, email and browsers, your phone is storing cached information. Much of this data is unnecessary and can be purged through a reboot. This will free up system resources and clear potential glitches.

Use Talkster if you want to have free international calls during the day and night. This service will give you more ads than you are used to but will reduce the high costs that you will have to pay for calls outside of the country. This will save you a lot of money in the long run.

If you spend a lot of time texting, talking and using the Internet on your cell phone, you should think about signing up for an unlimited plan. It may cost a bit more than the plan you currently have, but you will no longer have to worry about spending a ton on overage charges.

Make certain that you have a charger for your battery available at all times. If you have one in your car, home and office, you will be able to recharge your phone any time you need to. Certain uses take a lot of battery power. Avoid losing your battery power this way.

When buying a used cell phone, make sure you know who you are buying from. Consider only buying from a reputable company that will back your purchase with some sort of guarantee. This will protect you if the phone is defective. If you buy from an individual, consider trying the phone out before handing over any money.

Before buying that case in the carrier store, check out its price online. Online retailers like Amazon.com often have the exact same case, only for a lot less. You can save 20% or more on the cost. Remember, the retailer forces you to buy those accessories at premium prices. Do the research.

If you’re concerned about cell phone radiation, use a headset instead of holding your cell phone to your ear. Typically, every cell phone comes prepackaged with a head set. You can start using it right out of the box. Consider buying a second for the car so that you always have one handy.

Whit how much you use your cellphone, it is important to make sure you invest in the best model. If your cellphone is not working properly, it is good to know what you can do to fix it. Make use of the tips above that are all about cellphones for a great experience.

How to locate a trustworthy Restore service?

Like every other automated aspect, difficulties might possibly erupt together with your Notebook also, and if so, you have to try to look for solid fix products and services. There are several repair service service providers available, on the other hand would highly recommend seeking simply for the permitted establishments to actually gain access to complete and-superior quality fix expertise with regards to your electronic notebook computer.

Actually! Your Notebook is among the most prized assets you have. Similar to any other electronic piece, problems may perhaps erupt utilizing your Laptop overly, and in that case, you must find solid repair offerings.

There are plenty of repair service service providers available in the market, however would would suggest looking for only the certified services stations to ensure that you obtain access to complete and high-high-quality restoration services for your digital laptop computer.

How to locate a trustworthy Restore service?

Unquestionably, this inquiry pops-up inside heads of your property owner in the products looking at frustration along with its performance just lately. Its hard to seek the services of one of the many providers among the hoards of corporations sold in the market. An important objective of the article will be to illustrate on examples of the quick hints to uncover the appropriate people today for the position:

Do an internet investigation – Thank goodness! We live in the age of online and technological innovations. Just form a useful key phrase around the search club, and a summary of all the area firms as part of your city might be showcased before you decide to by using the various search engines. So now you understand the restoration businesses that occur in your neighborhood.

Shortlist – Following step is to always shortlist all the service facilities on your locality. Check their webpage, prospects review articles along with their degrees of deliver the results. This way you can shortlist a few of these firms and then choose one one of the many list by doing plenty of researching on every one of them.

Make a price comparison – Price is an important element that has to be thought to design your project better. Inquire about the bids via the company locations that you have shortlisted and compare the price offers presented by every one of them. I will not say to employ the most cost effective providers but would counsel to research to the trade price and accomplish a judgment.

There are many other variables to be considered before making your final option. You will look for the people who are committed to featuring 24/7 emergency expertise. These people are often offered at your program, and you may contact them even in the oddest days of the day. However you pay very little very high in comparison to other services centers, they have already industry’s most skilled designers as their employees who may be clearly-versed together with the particulars in the career and supply a foolproof remedy.

You will be flabbergasted to grasp that some of the trickiest causes damage to are already properly restored by way of the professional mend industry experts and you can trust them for anybody who is not within a spirits of obtaining it changed.